Some people question the authorship of the Bible and more specifically the first five books of the Bible called the Pentateuch. The Pentateuch being the first five books of the revelation about God. The Bible does not give authorship to man, but to God, “All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.”1
This word inspired is translated from the Greek word theopneustos; which means God-breathed.2 Therefore the words of the Bible come from God, and are written by men. There are varying theories on how this is accomplished; neo-orthodoxy, dictation theory, limited inspiration theory, and plenary verbal inspiration theory. “Plenary verbal inspiration asserts the Holy Spirit interacted with human writers to produce the Bible.”3
It is traditionally held that the Pentateuch was authored by Moses, source criticism has noted some difficulties with the entire authorship being attributed to Moses.4 The Bible itself does not give authorship to any man since the Bible is written by God through man. The main theory developed as an alternative to Mosaic authorship is Documentary Hypothesis (DH), “also called the Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis after two of its most significant propenents.”5 The Documentary Hypothesis says that there are four sources for the Pentateuch; Yahwist (J) from the tenth to ninth century, Elohist (E) from the eight century, Priestly (P) from the sixth to fifth century, and Deuteronomy (D) from the fifth century accredited to Josiah’s reform.6
There are several problems with DH. One problem is that the main academic assumptions behind the documentary hypothesis is that the Pentateuch uses two different names for God; Yahweh and Elohim. The assertion is that the Yahwist (J) tenth to ninth century used Yahweh, while the Elohist (E) from the eight century used Elohim. In order for this hypothesis to hold together Yahwist (J) would always have to use Yahweh and Elohist (E) would always have to use Elohim, but that is not what occurs in the text. Genesis 2:4-3:24 use both Yahweh and Elohim side by side, and other passages like Genesis 21 use both Yahweh and Elohim in the text.7 Scripture gives credit to God for the Scriptures, therefore let us continue in His word so that we may know the truth.
1. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 (NASB).
2. NASB Exhaustive Concordance of The Bible, g2315 (The Lockman Foundation, 1977), 1655.
3. Arnold and Byer, What is the Old Testament and Why Study It? 25.
4. T. Desmond Alexander and David W. Baker, “Dictionary of The Old Testament: Pentateuch” Source Criticism (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003), 798.
5. T. Desmond Alexander and David W. Baker, “Dictionary of The Old Testament: Pentateuch” Source Criticism (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003), 801.
6. T. Desmond Alexander and David W. Baker, “Dictionary of The Old Testament: Pentateuch” Source Criticism (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003), 802.
7. T. Desmond Alexander and David W. Baker, “Dictionary of The Old Testament: Pentateuch” God, Names of (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2003), 366.
Arnold, and Byer. "What Is the Old Testament and Why Study It?" n.d.
Dictionary of the Old Testament Pentateuch. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, (2003).
NASB Exaustive Concordance of The Bible. The Lockman Foundation, (1998).
The Holy Bible, Updated New American Standard Bible. The Lockman Foundation, (1995).
Popular posts from this blog
Suffering: The state of undergoing pain, distress, or hardship.Death: The end of the life of a person.Intensive Care Unit: A department of a hospital in which patients who are dangerously ill are kept under constant observation. I cannot continue doing what I have done for the past 21 years. My last day in the intensive care unit will be January 4, 2019. I will be transitioning to Cardiac Rehabilitation. This will be a completely different type of nursing. Cardiac Rehabilitation combines my love of aerobic exercise, knowledge of cardiology and love of people suffering with heart disease. I will be able to invest in their lives in a way that I was never able to do before. These past 5 days are an example of what my work has been like for the past 21 years: I worked 4, 12 ½ hour shifts. I took care of 10 persons, all of whom suffered but some greater than others. A woman 10 years younger than I suffered a myocardial infarction (heart attack); a woman suffered greatly in the i…
Please, Please, Please open your mouth and preach the gospel! Recently I was asked to do two things: 1) Think back to my own experience of how I was evangelized and describe the experience. 2) If I could go back and give advice to the person or people who ministered to me what would it be? I began running as a young child. At the age of 5, I ran my first mile with my dad. At the age of 10, I wanted a pair of running shoes like the big runner’s wear. My dad challenged me, if I could run 5 consecutive miles at less than 8 minutes per mile he would by me a pair of running shoes. I met the challenge and he bought me the shoes. While at the runner’s store there was a flyer for an upcoming 10k race. My dad signed us both up for the race. The next year my dad was too busy with work to run with me, but we had new neighbors across the street. I noticed that this man would come home every evening and go for a run. I began running with him, at the time he was pursuing a doctorate at D. T. S., …
The defining mission of the church is to make disciples of all the nations, initiate the new disciples into fellowship through the ordinance of baptism in the name of the Triune God and teach them to observe all that Jesus commanded the first disciples; doing so by the power of the Holy Spirit. For this reason, Matthew 28:18-20 has been called the great commission because Jesus, who has all authority in heaven and on earth (Mt 28:18) commissioned his disciples to do just that. There is an utterance of this great commission at the end of each gospel account and the beginning of Acts. (cf. Mk 16:15, Lk 24:46-48, Jn 20:21, and Acts 1:8) Why? Because evangelism and discipleship are the church’s purpose for existing. For this reason, evangelism and discipleship cannot be separated. They are wholly dependent on one another. Jesus did not commission his disciples at the beginning of his ministry, but at the conclusion, and before his ascension. However, He did send them out on practice evang…