Skip to main content

Blog #7: Comparison and Conclusion

For the past 7 weeks, I have been explaining a passage out of the book of Isaiah through a series of blogs. The passage is Isaiah 14:3-23. This is the 7th blog in the series, but it is actually the 8th. Eight weeks ago, I wrote a blog titled “What Does This Passage Mean: Isaiah 14:12-15.” Vv. 12-15 are in the center of the greater passage of Isaiah 14:3-23. 

Therefore, that blog that I wrote eight weeks ago serves is sort of a prologue to the interpretive journey. This blog would then serve as an epilogue to that journey. The prologue was based on my presuppositions.

I read Isaiah 14:12-15, then wrote what I thought that it meant without doing any research; I took both an intuitive and spiritual approach in my interpretation. Today I would like to compare what I thought that the passage meant eight weeks ago with what I have come to understand it to mean through "a 5-step interpretive journey."[1] To read the Prologue from eight weeks ago click on: 
“What Does This Passage Mean?”[2]

How My Understanding of the Passage Changed

My thoughts on this passage did change as a result of the 5-step interpretive process.[3] The change began in step 1 which is reflected in blogs 1 and 2.

In step-1, I began to understand the passage in its historical-cultural-literal context. No one in Isaiah’s day would have interpreted the passage to mean “a taunt against Satan at the eschaton.”[4] They would have understood this passage to predict the physical death of a tyrannical king yet to come.[5]

Then in steps 4 and 5 I saw the differences between the audience in Isaiah’s day and our day. Having noted those differences I was able to write three timeless-theological-principles from the text that is both true for them and for us:
1. A ruler can be cruel, because of pride and sinful desire.[6]
2. When an evil ruler is taken out of power the people and earth rejoice.[7]
3. The Lord God is omnipotent and eternal; therefore, death is the leveler of all men.[8]
Having come up with these three timeless-theological-principles being taught in the text I was then able to see how the New Testament modified these principles so that they could be applied with regards to Christians today.

Final Thoughts

The 5-step interpretive journey taught by Duvall and Hays is fantastic. It is imperative to have a historical-cultural-literary understanding of whatever Biblical text that you are going to interpret. This allows us to accurately come to a timeless-theological principle that can be applied in our lives and the lives of those whom we may be teaching.



[1] J. Scott Duvall and J. Daniel Hays, Grasping God’s word: A Hands-On Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012).
[2] Michael Peek, What Does This Passage Mean: Isaiah 14:12-15, a paper presented for M-BS2400 Introduction to Hermeneutics, Mid-Western Baptist Theological Seminary, August 2017.
[3] J. Scott Duvall and J. Daniel Hays, Grasping God’s word: A Hands-On Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012).
[4] Ibid, last sentence.
[5] Michael Peek, Blog #2 Isaiah 14:3-23 Verse-by Verse Commentary, a paper presented for M-BS2400 Introduction to Hermeneutics, Mid-Western Baptist Theological Seminary, September 2017, 14:12-15.
[6] Michael Peek, Blog #4 Cross the Principlizing Bridge, a paper presented for M-BS2400 Introduction to Hermeneutics, Mid-Western Baptist Theological Seminary, September 2017, The Cruel King.
[7] Ibid, The People and the Earth Rejoice.
[8] Ibid, Descending to Sheol.

Bibliography
Duvall, J. Scott and Hays, J. Daniel, Grasping God’s word: A Hands-On Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012).
Peek, Michael, Blog #2 Isaiah 14:3-23 Verse-by Verse Commentary, a paper presented for M-BS2400 Introduction to Hermeneutics, Mid-Western Baptist Theological Seminary, September 2017.
Peek, Michael, Blog #4 Cross the Principlizing Bridge, a paper presented for M-BS2400 Introduction to Hermeneutics, Mid-Western Baptist Theological Seminary, September 2017.
Peek, Michael, What Does This Passage Mean: Isaiah 14:12-15, a paper presented for M-BS2400 Introduction to Hermeneutics, Mid-Western Baptist Theological Seminary, August 2017.