Thursday, July 26, 2018

Reaching & Teaching

I have 3 1/2 weeks before the fall semester begins at Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary. I have been working towards a Master of Theological studies. I hope (Lord willing) to complete the degree in the spring of 2019. During the summer break I have been thinking a great deal about where the Lord is leading me after graduation. Where does he want me to serve? What is my place in his kingdom? What does he want me doing? I have been wondering about these questions and many more this summer.

I have read several books this summer:
  1. Leiter, Charles. The Law of Christ. Hannibal: Granted Ministries Press, 2012.
  2. Resigner, John G. The Believer’s Sabbath. Frederick: New Covenant Media, 2002.
  3. Zaspel, Fred G. The New Covenant and New Covenant Theology. Frederick: New Covenant Media, 2011.
  4. Long, Gary D, ed. The First London Confession of Faith 1646 Edition With an Appendix By Benjamin Cox. Bolton: Sovereign Grace Ministries, 2004.
  5. Long, Gary D. NCT: Time for a More Accurate Way. Gary D. Long, 2013.
  6. White, A. Blake. The Law of Christ: A Theological Proposal. Fredrick: New Covenant Media, 2010.
  7. Gentry Peter J. and Stephen J. Wellum. God’s Kingdom through God’s Covenants. Wheaton: Crossway, 2015.
  8. Clouse, Robert G. War: Four Christian Views. Winona: BMH Books, 1986.
I chose these books as I became interested in their subject matter while doing my academic theological studies this past year. I have come to the conclusion that the entire metanarrative of scripture is based on the first three chapters of the Bible. God’s covenants are the stepping stones purposely placed by God to bring us (man) to its ultimate fulfillment in the kingdom of God. Jesus Christ is the way and the truth and the life, no one comes to the Father but through him. (Jn. 14:6)

Currently I am reading War: Four Christian Views because I was not satisfied with my instructor's view on war. Neither am I satisfied with the majority evangelical view on war. I do not think that the current evangelical view on war is in agreement with Scripture. The Christian is under a New Covenant in Christ Jesus. Jesus Christ is our Lord and he commissioned his apostles to make disciples and teaching them; therefore, what Christ and the apostles have to say on the matter supersedes all human reasoning. I will speak more on this subject after I complete my study.

At the base of this post I am including a short video by Reaching & Teaching International Ministries because it is a ministry that I am prayerfully considering being a part of after completing my academic theological training. However, whatever the Lord wills may that be what is done.


Reaching & Teaching International Ministries from Jon Deedrick on Vimeo.

Monday, July 23, 2018

Discipline

The apostle Paul told Timothy to discipline himself for the purpose of godliness and said that bodily discipline is only of little profit, but godliness is profitable for all things because it holds promise for the present life and the life to come. (1 Tm 4:7b-8)

I have spent my entire life disciplining my physical body. For this reason, at the age of 50, I can go out on a hot summer day and run 7 1/2 miles in less than an hour. Yet the apostle Paul says that this is of little profit.

Some have cast aside physical exercise all together and use statements like these to justify their laziness. Keep in mind, he did not say of no profit but of little profit because the spiritual disciplines are of greater value. My physical exercise is of benefit for this life only but godliness is of value here and in the resurrection to come.

I have a confession to make: I am a timid man. Yet the apostle told Timothy in 2 Tm 1:7 that God has not given us a spirit of timidity. My timidity causes me to be ineffective in love for others and in discipline because not all of the spiritual disciplines are private, many of the spiritual disciplines are done together alongside of other believers.

Timidity is translated into English from the Greek word deilia δειλία which literally means cowardice.1 The word can also be translated fearfulness because it is derived from the root deos δέος which means fear or fright. This type of fear is not the same as reverence (eulabeia εὐλάβεια) and is never used in a good since.2 In the upper room discourse, Jesus said to his disciples: “Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful (deilia δειλία).” (Jn 14:27b, NASB95)

I have been afraid of other people my entire life and I realize that this is sin because Christ gives us a command not be fearful and the apostle Paul tells us that timidity is not from God. My fear causes me to not seek the best for my neighbor and hampers my fellowship with other believers.

I believe that Christ has paid the price for my sins; therefore, I am justified in the eyes of God, my position is one of righteousness but I am not actually righteous. I have hope in the resurrection of my body at the second coming of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ when all who hope in him are glorified.

I do not know what your personal struggle is, but I do know that if you have been called by God you struggle with sin. I have physically disciplined my body since I was a child but I am now seeking spiritual discipline which must be done in a body of believers. Our pastor at Sylvania Church says that the christian life is one of repentance from sin, belief in the gospel, perseverance and overcoming sin.

Whatever your sin is, I hope that this message will lead you to repent, believe, preserve and overcome until the day of our Lord’s coming.

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1 NASB Strong’s Dictionary, g1167.
2 Vines Complete Expository Dictionary, Fear, Fearful, Fearfulness.
3 Phillip Dancy,https://www.sylvaniachurch.com/staff-and-elders/.

Sunday, July 15, 2018

Edmundo


A gospel conversation need not be punitive, condescending or longwinded. A gospel conversation can be part of our everyday conversation. A gospel conversation should always purpose to honor God, exalt Jesus Christ and seek the best for one’s neighbor. A gospel conversation can be used to encourage and build up. We should admonish the unruly, but we should also encourage the fainthearted, help the week and be patient with everyone. (cf. 1 Thes 5:11-14)

I would like to share a conversation that I had last week and would like to make gospel conversations a regular part of my blog:
  1. To embolden myself to seek out gospel centered conversations. 
  2. To embolden you to seek gospel centered conversations.
Edmundo was a runner when he lived in Las Angeles; therefore, we had the love of running in common. I unbuttoned his shirt to expose his chest to my stethoscope. While listening to his breath sounds and heart tones a crucifix came into view. I asked him about his experiences as a runner in Las Angeles of which he was delighted to share with me. Later, when I reentered the room to administer his medications he resumed the conversation:

Edmundo: “As tall as you are, I bet that you can run five-minute miles.

Mike: “I use to, but I have slowed a great deal with age.”

Edmundo: “How old are you?”

Mike: “Fifty.”

Edmundo: “I’m seventy-five. I used to run marathons, 10k’s, 5k’s and such but I can’t run anymore since my hip was replaced.”

Mike: “Age certainly slows us down.”

Edmundo: “You know the old adage, ‘Life is hard, then you die.’”

Mike: “Praise God that Christ procured eternal life for us by his death and resurrection. Christ promised eternal life to all who believe in him. After the resurrection there will be no more pain and no more sorrow."

Edmundo: “I haven’t seen anyone come back from the dead.”

Mike: “Christ has risen from the dead witnessed by the apostles. Christ was the first to rise, but all the dead in Christ will rise when he returns.
-->

Thursday, July 12, 2018

I Have a Desire

I have a desire to live in a world in which everyone loves God with all of their heart, soul and strength, and loves one another as self.
Love is patient, love is kind and is not jealous; love does not brag and is not arrogant, does not act unbecomingly; it does not seek its own, is not provoked, does not take into account a wrong suffered, does not rejoice in unrighteousness, but rejoices with the truth; bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. (1 Cor. 13:4-7, NASB95)
Though my inward desire is to live in a world in which everyone loves God and his or her neighbor as their selves, I do not find within myself the qualities of love described in this text of scripture. I am not always patient. I am not always kind. I am often jealous of my neighbor. I will brag about things and act arrogantly. I will act unbecomingly. If I do not get my own way I may be provoked to anger and will often believe that I have been wronged. I laugh about things that I know to be unrighteous and do not always rejoice about good news. I do not always bear others burdens, believe all things, hope in their good, or endure all things.

My hope, therefore, is not in myself but in the Lord Jesus Christ. As he walked the earth Jesus was patient, kind and jealous of no one. Jesus did not brag, was not arrogant, and did not act unbecomingly. Jesus did not seek his own, was not provoked, did not take into account a wrong suffered, did not rejoice in unrighteousness, but rejoiced with the truth. Jesus boar our burdens in his body, he trusted that God would raise him from the dead, he hoped in our salvation, and therefore, endured the humiliation of the cross.

I have been saved from the penalty for my sin by the love of Jesus Christ. I am being saved from the power of my sin by his word and Spirit, for this reason I desire to be like him in love. I trust that I will be saved from the presence of sin in the new heaven and new earth in which all people love God and love one another.

I have a desire to live in a world in which everyone loves God with all of their heart, soul and strength, and everyone loves one another as self.

Monday, July 9, 2018

WON'T YOU BE MY NEIGHBOR?

“Love is at the root of everything—all learning, all relationships—love, or the lack of it.” [1]

This past week, along with my wife Darlene, we went to the theater to watch a movie. The movie: “Won’t You Be My Neighbor?” Won’t You Be My Neighbor is a documentary about Fred McFeely Rogers, the star of the children’s television show “Mr. Rogers Neighborhood.”

After watching this movie, I realized how connected I am to Fred Rogers. Mister Rogers Neighborhood aired on February 19, 1968, I was born on May 4, 1968; therefore, I spent my developmental years as a child in the early 1970’s watching this television show.

I remember that I didn’t see much of my Father as a young child because he worked a lot. Mr. Rogers was my friend, he invited me to be his neighbor, he told me that he loved me, taught me to be kind to others and explained the world around me.

Once I was a school age child I still watched the show, but the world began to pull me away from the make-believe world of Mr. Rogers Neighborhood. I suspected that many of my classmates watched this show, but we would not admit it to one another and would make fun of anyone who did.

As I became a teen, I remember watching other television shows that differed greatly from Mr. Rogers Neighborhood. One of those television shows was Saturday Night Live. Eddy Murphy did a frequent parody of Mr. Rogers Neighborhood called Mr. Robinson’s Neighborhood in which Mr. Robinson was the exact opposite of Mr. Rogers. During my teenage years and in my 20’s I became much more like Mr. Robinson than Mr. Rogers and forgot the message of love and kindness taught by Mr. Rogers.

Fred Rogers Received a B.A. in music from Rollins College (1951). After which he began to work in television programing. Fred Rogers left television programing for a time to pursue his calling in the ministry. He graduated from Pittsburgh Theological Seminary (M.Div.) 1963, 1 year before R. C. Sproul graduated from the same seminary.[2] Fred Rogers was ordained a minister in the Presbyterian church as an evangelist.[3]

The passage for the Great Commission is found in Matthew 28:16-20. Jesus having been raised from the dead and given all authority in heaven and on earth commissioned his disciples to go make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching the new disciples to observe all that He commanded them. Jesus said to His disciples, “This is My commandment, that you love one another, just as I have loved you.” [4]

On April 18, 2018, Sunday Today, the Sunday version of the Today Show, aired a 50th anniversary piece on Fred Rogers. The commentator, Harry Smith said, “Fred Rogers was an ordained Presbyterian Minister, yet there was no proselytizing, no preaching.”[5] I was amazed by that statement because everything that Fred Rogers did and said on Mr. Rogers Neighborhood was proselytizing and preaching. It was not what you as an adult expect when you think of a minister preaching from a pulpit, but Fred Rogers was definently proselytizing and preaching.

Fred Rogers ministry was to preschool children; therefore, the theology that he preached was something that a small child could understand. Fred Rogers would invite children to be his neighbor, then teach them to love one another. Fred Rogers made disciples and taught them to observe all that Jesus Christ commanded Him in a way that a preschool child could understand.

In the documentary movie, on his death bed, his widow, Joanne Byrd said that Fred asked her shortly before losing consciousness, “Am I a sheep?”[6] A friend of mine who is a much better writer than I wrote a piece about her answer to him in a Gospel Coalition article called: Mister Rogers’s Deathbed Confession.[7] For some reason people love to hate the Gospel Coalition, but I recommend reading it because it is an excellent piece on the gospel.

Fred’s question to his bride showed me a little insight into his theology. She said that Fred had been studying the final judgment in Matthew 25:31-46 where the sheep and goats are separated at the judgment on the last day, the sheep to eternal life and the goats to eternal punishment.

Fred understood that salvation is a gift, given by the grace of God alone, received through faith alone, in Jesus Christ alone and is for the glory of God alone. Fred like all of us had doubts, have you not questioned your own salvation? I know that I have and often do. Fred’s widow is quoted in the movie saying to him, “If anyone is, you are Fred.”[8] She was saying this to reassure him, because Fred Rogers’s life long fruit indicates that he is a sheep.[9]





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[1] Fred Rogers, Morgan Neville, Won’t You Be My Neighbor, Los Angeles: Tremolo Productions, 2018
[2] Wikipedia, accessed July, 9, 2018. cdli:wiki. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page.
[3] Morgan Neville, Won’t You Be My Neighbor, Los Angeles: Tremolo Productions, 2018.
[4] John 15:12, NASB95.
[5] 50 Years After ‘Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood’ Premiered, His Legacy Lives on, Sunday TODAY, accessed July, 9, 2018. cdli:wiki. https://youtu.be/Su1GkBXPAso.
[6] Morgan Neville, Won’t You Be My Neighbor, Los Angeles: Tremolo Productions, 2018.
[7] Jared C. Wilson, Mister Rogers’s Death Bed Confession, The Gospel Coalition. cdli:wiki. https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/jared-c-wilson/mister-rogerss-deathbed-confession/.
[8] Morgan Neville, Won’t You Be My Neighbor, Los Angeles: Tremolo Productions, 2018
[9] cf. Matthew 7:15-20, NASB.




Monday, July 2, 2018

A New and Better Beginning

I truly love the Scriptures, therefore, my favorite class in seminary was hermeneutics, because in that class I was taught how to interpret scripture. I love the scriptures because they are the word of God to men in this fallen world. The build up to this class were four Bible survey classes in which I was taught authorships, historical/cultural backgrounds, and genres. All of these are very important to correctly interpret scripture. Therefore, I was taught to interpret scripture within its grammatical/historical context. When I say grammatical/historical context I do not mean a literal interpretation, but literary meaning. "Literary meaning refers to the meaning the author has purposely placed in the text."[1] The two biggest problems that people make when interpreting scripture is either being hyper-literal or hyper-spiritual. We must extract the meaning intended by the authors who wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit in their own historical/cultural contexts and not form opinions based on presuppositions.

I was taught to use a five-step method for interpreting scripture:
  1. Understand the text in their historical/cultural context. 
  2. Assess how we differ from their historical/cultural context. 
  3. Find the principles taught in the text that apply in all historical/cultural context. 
  4. Consult the metanarrative of the Bible. 
  5. Apply the universal principles that agree with the metanarrative of Bible.
Metanarrative simply means the overall story being taught in the entire canon of scripture from Genesis to Revelation. Each writer wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit but did not do so from a vacuum, he wrote in light of what had been written before him. Therefore, we should consult what lead up to this particular writing and also what follows because God’s word is progressive, more and more of God’s redemptive plan was revealed as time went on.

What am I Driving at?

For the past seven years I have been reciting a portion of the Gospel According to John every day. In addition to my daily reading of Scripture I have been reciting one chapter out of the Gospel According to John a day; and therefore, recite the whole book every three weeks. The Gospel According to John is obviously different than the other three gospel accounts; Matthew, Mark and Luke are called synoptic gospels because their content overlaps,[2] not so with the Gospel According to John.
The chapter divisions commonly used today were developed by Stephen Langton, an Archbishop of Canterbury. Langton put the modern chapter divisions into place in around A.D. 1227. The Wycliffe English Bible of 1382 was the first Bible to use this chapter pattern. Since the Wycliffe Bible, nearly all Bible translations have followed Langton's chapter divisions. The Hebrew Old Testament was divided into verses by a Jewish rabbi by the name of Nathan in A.D. 1448. Robert Estienne, who was also known as Stephanus, was the first to divide the New Testament into standard numbered verses, in 1555. Stephanus essentially used Nathan's verse divisions for the Old Testament. Since that time, beginning with the Geneva Bible, the chapter and verse divisions employed by Stephanus have been accepted into nearly all the Bible versions.[3]
The Bible that I read (New American Standard Bible, 1995) is filled with pericope. Pericope are highlighted text (not scripture) added by the translator to summarize what the translator believes the passage is about. For this reason, every English translation has different pericope because they are the translator’s own thoughts about the content, but all translations use the same chapter and verse setup first employed by Stephanus in 1555.[4] I wanted to remove all chapter, verse and pericope from my eyes in order that I may see the meaning originally intended by the author.

The gospel according to John is a topical book containing several small stories that combine to make a single larger story. I decided to breakdown the entire text into its individual stories rather than chapter and verse. In order to do this, I needed to figure out where each story ended, and a new story began. I also needed to figure out which stories are intended to give meaning and which stories are intended to connect the meaningful stories to one another in a single storyline. While doing this work I made a discovery that I believe was purposely placed there by the author who wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit within his historical-cultural context.

Narratives of Jesus earthly ministry from its beginning in Galilee, preaching the Gospel of God, and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel," (Mk 1:15, NASB95) to His bodily resurrection from the dead; commissioning His disciples to go make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy spirit, teaching them to observes all that He commanded them (Mt. 28:16-20) had already been sufficiently done.

So, why was the Gospel According to John written? The purpose for writing the Gospel according to John is expressed by the author in the text:
Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name. (Jn 20:30-31, NASB95)
Theologians have put a great deal of emphasis on the seven miraculous signs and seven predicate I Am statements recorded in this book. But what about the resurrection? Most have said that the resurrection is the final and great sign that demonstrates that Jesus is the Christ the Son of God. I agree, but from a different perspective considering the discovery that I made.

Here is the Claim that I am Making

The Gospel According to John is a retelling of Genesis chapters 1-3 with a new and better ending or shall I say beginning. The author uses true stories that were witnessed by the author to show that Jesus is the fulfillment of a promise made by God in the garden of Eden. The Gospel According to John remarkably parallels the first three chapters of Genesis. Up until recently I saw similarities but did not realize the extent. John 1:1 like Genesis 1:1 begins with the words "In the beginning." Then in John 19:30 while on the cross Jesus said, "It is finished!" Also take note that Genesis 2:1 says, "Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts."
The Greek word ἐπαύριον epaurion: -- occurring on the succeeding day, tomorrow, day following, morrow, next day, after, on the morrow, the next day.[5]
When I was dividing up the Gospel According to John into its individual stories I noticed that the phrase, "next day" is used three times in the first chapter. Being curios about this and wanting to find out how the author put the book together, I sought to see how many times this phrase occurs in the book. The phrase "next day" occurs five times in the book:
  1. In the beginning, Jn. 1:1. 
  2. The next day, Jn. 1:29. 
  3. Again the next day, Jn. 1:35. 
  4. The next day, Jn. 1:43. 
  5. The next day, Jn. 6:22. 
  6. On the next day, Jn. 12:12.
What is the significance of the Greek word Epaurion? In our English translations you will find the word day several times, but those are translated from a different Greek word. Epaurion occurs five times in the original text which happens to divide the first 19 chapters of John up into six days when you consider that the first day starts with the phrase "In the beginning," and the sixth day ends with the phrase "It is finished!"

But what of the seventh day? Genesis 2:2-3 speaks of God resting after His creative work on the seventh day; and therefore, God sanctified the seventh day. However, in the Gospel According to John we see a change from the storyline of Genesis. In John’s storyline the Incarnate Word is not resting on the seventh day as God did in Genesis 2:2-3. In John 19:31-42 the Incarnate Word is dead! The stories that comprise John 19:31-42 are placed there to demonstrate that the incarnate Word was dead without a doubt. Thus, John 19 ends at the conclusion of day 6 with the incarnate Word dead and placed in a tomb. The seventh day is missing from the text; the next day mentioned in the book is not the Sabbath, but the first day of the week. (cf. Jn. 20:1)

Why is the seventh day missing?

In their explanation of the creation covenant in Genesis 1-3 Gentry and Wellum give the answer that I believe explains the reason that the seventh day is missing from the Gospel According to John: "Day Six is the climax of the creation week, but not the consummation."[6] Jesus was inaugurated king when He rose from the grave: Jesus said, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth." (Mt. 28:18, NASB95) However, when you survey the earth today sin abounds; therefore, the kingdom of God is a work in progress.
The Lord says to my Lord:
"Sit at My right hand
Until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet." (Ps. 110:1)
Genesis chapter 1 tells us why God made man, but Genesis 2:7 tells us how God made man and Genesis 2:8-17 tells us about the covenant between man and God at creation. Man was to have a Covenant relationship with God which required loyal love, obedience, and trust. Man was also to have a covenant relationship with nature as its servant-king.[7] God created man from dirt, after which He placed man in the garden of Eden to cultivate it and keep it. Then God commanded the man to not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. God warned man that doing so would result in death. Finally, God created woman from man as a helper suitable for him. (Cf. Gn. 2:18-24)

Genesis chapter three begins with the woman in the garden being deceived by the serpent; thus, eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil of which she gave her husband and he ate. When the Lord God questioned the man about eating from the tree; the man blamed the woman for his sin, the woman blamed the serpent for her sin, and the Lord God cursed the serpent and made a future promise to the serpent.
And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel. (Gn. 3:15, NASB95)
God told the woman that her labor pains would be increased, but she would have desire for her husband. God told the man that he would now eat by the sweat of his brow, would die after all of his labors, and return to the earth from which he came. After these things God barred them from the way to the tree of life. (Gn. 3:16-24)

A New and Better Beginning

In the Gospel According to John, on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene finds the tomb empty. She then runs to Peter and the author of the book to tell them that the tomb is empty. These two men run to the tomb and find it just as Mary had told them. After they leave, Mary stays behind and sees something miraculous; two angels seated where Jesus had been lying, just like the seraphim atop the Ark of the Mosaic Covenant which could only be viewed by the high priest, one time a year, on the day of atonement. After speaking with them she turns around and sees the risen Lord but mistakes Him for the gardener. Once she realized that the Man she mistook for the gardener is the risen Lord she clings to Him. The Lord then sends Mary to the men with the gospel. (John 20:1-16) Was it truly a silly mistake to think that Jesus, the new Adam, was in fact the gardener?[8] Eve meet the serpent in the garden and ate fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, she gave it to her husband he ate, and they died. Mary Magdalene meet the new Adam in the garden and ate from the tree of life from whom she took fruit and gave it to the men.
Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in yourselves. He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. (Jn. 6:53-54, NASB95)
God is presently at work making all things new through the work of the Spirit. God has declared that He will create a new heaven and new earth, but unlike the first creation where He made the earth first and later made man, in His new creation God is making the people first. When "It is Finished," He will make the new heaven and new earth; then, and only then will God rest. Jesus Christ is the first man to be raised in the new creation.[9] All will be raised on the last day; those who receive Jesus Christ as Lord will be raised to eternal life in the new heaven and new earth which is yet to come, but those who reject Him will go away into eternal punishment. (Cf. Mt. 25:46)

In the Abrahamic covenant circumcision occurred on the 8th day of a baby’s life. God made the world in six days and rested on the seventh. The 8th day is significant to this regard because it indicates a new creation.[10 ] On the first day of the week, in the evening, Jesus appeared to the disciples except Thomas behind a closed door; therefore, Thomas did not believe because he did not see the risen Lord. After eight days He appeared again to the disciples behind a closed door, but this time Thomas was with them. (Jn. 20:19-28) When Thomas saw Jesus he believed. Jesus *said to him, "Because you have seen Me, have you believed? Blessed are they who did not see, and yet believed." (Jn. 20:29, NASB95) The significance of the 8th day is new creation; those who believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God (Jn. 20:30-31) will be children of God in the new creation, (Jn. 1:12) but this does not occur through blood lines or the will of the flesh or because a man makes a decision, you must be born of God. (Jn. 1:13)

I wrote these things while onboard a ship. I had no cell phone, no internet; and therefore, no Facebook or emails to distract me. Every morning I awoke before sunrise that I may read the Scripture’s and recite from the Gospel According to John as the sun rose over the waters to start a new day. It was a wonderful time of relaxation, which God gave me as an opportunity to reflect and write what has been laid on my heart and mind. I hope that what I have written will aide in your sanctification of loyal love, obedience, and trust in God our Father and our Lord Jesus Christ.[11]





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[1] J Scott Duvall and J. Daniel Hays, Grasping God’s Word, 3rded. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012), 207.
[2] Ibid.
[3] Got Questions.org, Who divided the Bible into chapters and verses? Why and when was it done? (Got Questions Ministries, 2002-2018), https://www.gotquestions.org/divided-Bible-chapters-verses.html.
[4] Ibid.
[5] Olive Tree Enhanced Strong’s Dictionary, g1887.
[6] Peter J. Gentry and Stephen J. Wellum, God’s Kingdom through God’s Covenants(Wheaton: Crossway, 2015), 86.
[7] Ibid, 90-93.
[8] Ibid, 88.
[9] Ibid, 85.
[10] Ibid, 122.

[11] Post update July 5, 2018.

Nursing and the Law of Christ

The Lord’s teaching recorded in John 13-21 is amazing. It is what the apostle Paul calls "the Law of Christ." (Cf. 1 Cor. 9:2...